Torah primarily refers to the first section of the Tanakh which is an acronym that identifies the Hebrew Bible and is based on the initial Hebrew letters of each of the text's three parts. The word Torah can also be used to refer to the entire Jewish bible which to non-Jews is called the Old Testament. To the Jews there is no Old Testament. This is a list of the books of Written Torah, in the order in which they appear in Jewish translations. The Hebrew names of the first five books are derived from the first few words of the book.
The text of each book is fairly similar in Jewish translations as what you see in Christian bibles, although there are some occasional slight differences in the numbering of verses and there are some significant differences in the translations. Bereishith In the beginning To the Jews the Torah has a total of commandments which includes the ten from the Decalogue.
Traditional Rabbinical Jewish belief is that these commandments apply solely to the Jewish people.
Many of these laws were instituted because of sin example Passover and hence were in fact only for the Jews because the Gospel did not go to the Gentiles until after the sacrificial law ended at the cross. But the Ten Commandments of course are very much a standalone law for all mankind.
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They were written by the finger of God, personally spoken by God and were stored in the inside of the Ark of the Covenant under the mercy seat, which represented the very presence of God. Clearly the Ten Commandments are extremely important to God. Most of these other laws have now ended but not so with the Ten Commandments. Some examples of the other laws were unclean unhealthy foods, laws to prevent the spread of leprosy, mold in houses or a woman being unclean once a month.
Short Summary of the 10 Commandments:
Lately I have begun to see attempts to diminish the importance of the Ten Commandments by saying there are laws. His Immanence is seen as He loves, shepherds, and cares for us. God gave the rules. He summarized them in the 10 Commandments.
A Guide to The 10 Commandments
Our challenge is to obey the commands of God. Why is crime rising? Why don't we live by the rules of morality set out in the 10 Commandments? How can we get people to live by the rules of God?
10 Commandments - Complete Bible List and Meaning
The 1st command forbids worshipping the wrong false gods. This command requires our undivided loyalty. The 2nd command requires us to worship Jehovah in the right way. This command requires a correct view of God. Profanity is everywhere - TV, movies, songs, and at work. How do people use God's name in vain? What is forbidden by this command?
The only command not repeated in the New Testament commands Sabbath worship.
While this command does not apply to NT Christians, the principles involved are still important. Honoring parents is more than children obeying them. Adult children still must honor their parents. Why is so little respect given to the elderly?
What does "Do not kill" forbid, allow, approve or condemn? Does this command forbid war, hunting, or self-defense? Does this command allow abortion? Why do almost half of all marriages end in divorce? Why are many looking for love in all the wrong places?