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Salvation is never presented in the Scriptures as bestowed because of obligation or debt. The love of God is the spring from which the atonement flows. Paul informed us in Romans 8: The fact that God the Father sent His only begotten Son to die for sinners because he loved them beforehand should spur every Christian not only to wonder and amazement but also a profound adoration, love, and praise toward God.

A second distinction that needs to be made is between a hypothetical necessity and an absolute necessity. If God had wanted to, He could have decreed other methods of securing the salvation of the elect. It is important to understand the difference between a hypothetical and absolute necessity because many passages which point to an absolute necessity could also be used to support a hypothetical or relative necessity viewpoint. If God has decreed that something take place in history, it must take place.

Having considered the moving cause of the atonement and the hypothetical necessity viewpoint, let us turn our attention to the biblical evidence for the absolute necessity understanding of the atonement. First, it refutes the popular modern day notion that there are many different paths that lead to God and eternal life. Second, it tells us a lot about the God who is—the God with whom we all have to deal.

The God of the Bible is not promiscuous or sloppy regarding ethics. Jehovah Is infinitely holy and righteous and thus cannot dwell or have fellowship with any person who has the guilt of sin. Third, it teaches us that sin is exceedingly wicked and evil. It is a deadly, soul-damning, God-hating, death-loving act. This thought of committing sin against a God of infinite holiness should make us tremble with fear. Sin is the reason that the spotless, harmless, undefiled Son of God had to die to accomplish redemption.

Because of sin, the only sinless, good man who ever lived was humiliated, abandoned, tortured and publicly executed as a criminal. Although God was not obligated to save anyone, He out of His love, mercy, and kindness decided to save a people from every nation even though this redemption could only be achieved at the ultimate cost of the suffering and blood of the Lord of glory Rev 5: Although the God of the Bible is totally sovereign, all-powerful, all-knowing and infinite in perfection, there are certain things that God cannot do.

For example, God cannot lie Titus 1: Jehovah can do anything except violate His own nature. Therefore, when God determined to save a people from the guilt of sin, He could only choose a course of action consistent with His own character in particular His moral character. Many people who object to the biblical doctrine of the atonement do so because they do not understand who God is.

God can only do what is right.


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Because of His nature, He can only do what is just. If God refused to give sin its full measure of punishment then he could not claim to be perfectly just. The Bible contains many passages that declare that God has to punish sin. We read of this in the following Scripture texts Ex Paul argues in Romans 3: The important thing was that the justice of God should be maintained.

A common objection against the biblical teaching that God must punish sin is that it makes God less charitable than many people who are willing to forgive offenses without any sort of satisfaction. While it is true that many people can and do forgive personal offenses against them, the comparison between God and a private individual is totally illegitimate. Therefore, He must maintain His veracity, law, and justice. A private individual does not have to contradict his own nature, law, and justice to forgive an offense.

The Bible repeatedly affirms that as the Supreme Judge over the whole earth, God will only render just judgment. The nature of God is perfect and complete holiness. This is not optional or arbitrary; it is the way God is by nature. He has always been absolutely holy. Nothing more need or can be said. It is useless to ask, Why is God holy? He is allergic to sin, so to speak. He cannot look upon it. He is compelled to turn away from it. His infinite holiness causes Him to hate sin with perfect hatred.

God is so holy that before sinful men and women can come into his presence and have fellowship with Him the guilt of their sin must be removed and they must be clothed with perfect righteousness. The attribute of God that is emphasized by Scripture above all other attributes including love is Holiness. The God of the Bible is not like the pagan deities who fornicate, get drunk and commit sexual acts with other goddesses and give birth like in Hindu and other eastern religions Rev 4: God demands a perfect holiness in people not arbitrarily but because His own perfect holiness requires it.

Because God is holy, he hates sin and cannot dwell with sinners. Unlike other religions, the God of the Bible cannot be compared with the other gods man-made gods, deities or to gods of stone, wood, etc. Before they ate the forbidden fruit and fell into sin, they were holy and righteous. They were without any ethical spot or blemish.

Because a thrice holy God cannot have fellowship with people who are not holy! God is so infinitely holy that every sin that an individual commits merits death: God had warned Adam that the day that he disobeyed Him, he would certainly die Gen 2: Once we understand the holiness of God then we can understand the severe penalty that sin deserves. Thus far we have seen that because God is holy and just, His nature requires that sin be punished with death spiritual, physical and eternal.

Therefore, to be saved we need a substitute who can pay the penalty in our place Christ is the sinless God-man who could fulfill the necessary requirements to be that perfect substitute. However, the Bible teaches that having the guilt of our sins removed is not enough to gain eternal life with God.

List of Bible Translations & Parallel Versions to Compare with Strong's Numbers

Jehovah also requires a positive righteousness. God requires a life lived in perpetual righteousness; a life lived in perfect obedience to His law before eternal life is bestowed. The biblical teaching that God requires a perfect, personal and perpetual obedience to His law before eternal life is attained is taught by the covenant of works made with Adam. After God created Adam, he told him not to eat of the tree of knowledge of good and evil Gen 2: If Adam obeyed he would live.

That is, he would gain access to the tree of life. Adam, however, failed, his own act of disobedience caused him to be ejected from Eden to prevent access to the tree of life. Our problem is not just that we have the guilt of sin but also that we lack a perfect righteousness Rom 2: Peter says that Jesus committed no sin 1 Peter 2: Christ is the way, the truth, and the life to heaven: Good works will not save us. When the New Testament epistles explain the death of Christ, they do so in terms of necessity. The author of Hebrews speaking under divine inspiration not only says that the blood is necessary but only one type of blood will do—the blood of Christ.

If God could simply by divine fiat pardon sin then the central message of Hebrews 9 and 10 would be totally untrue. Furthermore, the Bible says that Christ appeased the wrath of God Rom 3: Paul did not for a moment entertain such thinking: Christ made peace through His blood of the cross Col 1: The issue of the necessity of the atonement is a life and death, heaven and hell matter.

Are you going to trust in Christ alone for your salvation or will you continue on the path of iniquity and destruction? These shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord and the glory of His power. Literacy, both here in America and around the world, is a very important subject. The ability to read well is essential to learning.

The ability to write is critical to communication. Reading is a skill that improves with practice. The best way to practice reading is to spend quality time actually reading books. Parents of school-age children and young people need to encourage reading at home. Reading for pleasure is something all children and students should experience. Even before children are old enough to attend school, parents can help the future personal and academic success of children by spending regular quality time reading to them. Reading non-fiction informational books is especially important.

Make use of the public library if you have access to such a marvelous place. Choose books that are of interest to your child or student. Read more than one book on the subject. Read the easiest book or books you can find first. Then read a book written for young adult readers on the same non-fiction subject.

Finally, read a book written for adults. Your child will be able to understand the more complex adult-level book if your child has encountered the easier books first. Paul urged Timothy to take special care to continue that practice. That would greatly help us to grow spiritually and increase in our knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ.

For any who may read here, I would mention that I have created a reading program that is available on Amazon. The book is pages long, with a page size of 8 by 10 inches. The title is The Language Enrichment Program. This resource works to improve reading comprehension, reading speed, and academic motivation. It works well for users of any age above age 8, and works for speakers of English as a second language too.

I have used it with adults. I have used it with gifted and talented high school seniors. I have used it with reluctant learners. I have found it helps everyone I have used it with over a period of more than 50 years. The Language Enrichment Program is self-instructional and can be used without the help of a teacher or tutor. Parents of motivated children under age 8 can use this resource if they help the child when the child has a question.

The book contains a complete answer key with explanations where I have found explanations to be helpful or needed. I wish I could capture the essence of his message here in writing, but I am not that talented. Nevertheless, I would like to point out just a few things about Daniel 9: Daniel is making a great prayer to God on behalf of his nation and himself in chapter nine of the book of Daniel.

The whole prayer is most instructive. Daniel understands that the great troubles that have befallen his nation are a fulfillment of the promises blessings and curses given in the law of Moses see Deuteronomy Notice that Daniel expresses no doubt concerning the fact that Moses wrote the laws of God as found in our Bible. Daniel accepts the Bible account as true, and so should we. In his prayer, Daniel confesses that a proper response to all the evil that has come upon his nation has not been made. The right response would be to come to God in earnest prayer. Daniel understood that proper prayer would lead to a change of heart and a turning to God.

Much more can be studied regarding what Daniel 9: As it is written. Thus every succeeding part of the Sacred Writings attests and proves the Divine authority of the preceding.

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The history relates the fulfillment of former predictions ; and then new prophecies are added, which future events accomplish, and thus demonstrate their inspiration to the latest ages. See on Dan 9: Below are the details of what Daddy said:. It is not to be found anywhere at all, but I have done my own research. There are two places in the whole Bible where references were made to painting of face, only two places, and the two places are bad.

One of the places talked about Jezebel. How many of you will name your daughter Jezebel? The second place is in Jeremiah 4: Those are the only two places I found, and they are terrible references. Now as far as am concerned, it is up to you to decide how you want to look, you want to make up, you want to paint yourself, you are at liberty. Have you seen anybody adding sugar to honey? Anytime you see a piece of furniture that is painted, wooden furniture that is painted, the wood is inferior.

When the wood is ebony, nobody paints it, no no no. I think children of God should realise they are precious enough, by the special grace of God and by the shed blood of Jesus Christ. Some people go about in the name of fashion wearing wigs. But this hair that you are wearing, from whose head was it cut? Do you know who was the original owner of the hair? Do you know what kind of anointing is in that hair? It is put in the most important part of your body, the head!!!

I always asked them, which one do you want me to anoint, the wig or the head? I told you, you will not smile by the time I finished. I have not been legalistic, I have not said thou shall not wear wig. I read something in the book of Revelation 7: What we wear matters. Why do you think the army wear uniforms? It is so that they will not accidentally shoot their own members. Can God recognize you at a glance, that is, as a child of God? Some people say it does not matter, and that what is inside is what is important, I agree with the last part, but what is inside will show outside.

When I became General Overseer, I brought a group of teachers to come and teach in the Bible College and they began to teach series of things I did not bargain for. They were teaching that God is not interested in the outside, He is interested in the inside, this man the G. So I went to Oyingbo market to buy two oranges, one ripe and the other green all over. My Bible students were beginning to turn to rebels and God gave me wisdom, so I stood before the class and I said, which of this oranges will you take if I ask you to pick one?

They all pointed at the yellow and ripe one, and I said why? They said because that one is going to be the sweeter one. How do you know when you have not seen the inside? They all said what is inside the orange portrays and shows what is reflecting outside. An orange is sweet from the appearance because its inside is sweet and vice versa to unripe oranges…. It was at this point I passed the real message to his people and the Holy Spirit gave them change of heart afterwards. Why are you adding to what God has created? May you not be an enemy of God.

Have you considered Jezebel in the Bible? She was a perfect example of the usage of all these things, and she made all these things of demonic value. May you not be among her descendants in Jesus mighty name. Very shameful and pathetic! My wife and I have been studying the subject of holiness in the Bible, and particularly Hebrews She has brought up the subject of Christians who dye their hair a completely different color than what God created them with.

After noting how the orthodox statement of Chalcedon beautifully and succinctly defends the doctrine of two natures in one person, we need to examine and analyze some of the Chalcedonian propositions more closely. This examination will involve review. Everything that can be predicated of God is true of Christ. He is truly God and truly man. He is consubstantial with the Father according to the Godhead. God is three persons Muslims reject this who are one in being.

God the Son who was and is one with the Father and the Holy Spirit became man. The second person of the Trinity assumed a human nature. When Chalcedon speaks of Christ assuming human nature consubstantial according to manhood, it refers to [ generic ] unity with man.

Jesus has all the attributes of humanity: In Christ, two distinct natures or substance are united in such a manner that the distinct properties of both natures are preserved. The attributes of God are not somehow passed to man and the human properties are not transmitted to God. There is no mixing, intermingling or confounding of the two natures to form a new third substance. Not only is intermingling or mixing of the two natures impossible the finite cannot be made infinite , even if possible it would destroy the incarnation. Such a mixed being would be neither God or man. In Him, therefore, as the church has ever maintained, there were and are two wills, two energeia or operations.

When the second person of the Trinity was incarnated He was hypostatically united to a genuine human nature. The mediator did not unite Himself to a human person with a separate personality but with a human nature and thus the personality of Christ and the personality of the Logos are one and the same. The unipersonality of the Mediator is by far most difficult aspect of the incarnation to understand.

The doctrine of two natures in one person is to a certain degree beyond human comprehension. Note the following argument from the Scriptures. If our Lord was two distinct persons and not one there ought to be some Scripture evidence to prove it. However, there is none. On the contrary, Jesus always speaks, prays and acts as one person. The people are afraid.

Of what sort the altar should be. Study Exodus 21 Laws for menservants. For the servant whose ear is bored. For stealers of men. For cursers of parents. For a hurt by chance. For an ox that goreth. For him that is an occasion of harm. Study Exodus 22 Of theft.

Biblical Overview

Of strangers, widows, and fatherless. Of reverence to magistrates. Study Exodus 23 Of slander and false witness. Of the year of rest. Of the three feasts. Of the blood and the fat of the sacrifice. An angel is promised, with a blessing, if they obey him. Study Exodus 24 Moses is called up into the mountain. The people promise obedience.

Moses buildeth an altar, and twelve pillars. He sprinkleth the blood of the Covenant. The glory of God appeareth. Aaron and Hur have the charge of the people. Moses goeth into the mountain, where he continueth forty days and forty nights. Study Exodus 25 What the Israelites must offer for the making of the Tabernacle. The form of the Ark. The Mercy Seat, with the cherubims. The table, with the furniture thereof. The candlestick, with the instruments thereof. Study Exodus 26 The ten curtains of the Tabernacle. The eleven curtains of goats' hair.

The covering of rams' skins. The boards of the Tabernacle, with the sockets and bars. The vail for the Ark. The hanging for the door. Study Exodus 27 The altar of burnt offering, with the vessels thereof. The court of the Tabernacle inclosed with hangings and pillars. The measure of the court. The oil for the lamp. Study Exodus 28 Aaron and his sons are set apart for the priests' office.

Holy garments are appointed. The breastplate with twelve precious stones. The Urim and Thummim. The robe of the ephod, with pomegranates and bells. The plate of the mitre. The garments of Aaron's sons. Study Exodus 29 The sacrifice and ceremonies of consecrating the priests. The continual burnt offering. God's promise to dwell among the children of Israel. Study Exodus 30 The altar of incense. The ransom of souls. The holy anointing oil. The composition of the perfume. Study Exodus 31 Bezaleel and Aholiab are called and made meet for the work of the Tabernacle.

The observation of the Sabbath is again commanded. Moses receiveth the two tables. Study Exodus 32 The people, in the absence of Moses, cause Aaron to make a calf. God is angered thereby. At the intreaty of Moses he is appeased. He destroyeth the calf. Aaron's excuse for himself. Moses causeth the idolaters to be slain. He prayeth for the people.

Study Exodus 33 Yahweh refuseth to go as he had promised with the people. The people murmur thereat. Gaebelein has written, ''The typical-prophetic meaning of the story of Jonah is authorized by the words of the Son of God. His experience typifies the death, the burial, and the resurrection of our Lord, as well as the gospel message that goes forth to the Gentiles. Furthermore, Jonah's experience is prophetic also of the entire nation. Jonah was a man, not a myth; the book is fact, not fiction; it is history, not allegory. Jonah's name may indicate that he had a tender nature, but his tenderness was limited to his own people.

He was a God-called, God-commissioned man, with a God-given message. His sphere of service was as specific as his call. He was to go to Nineveh, the capital of Assyria, located on the banks of the Tigris River about miles north of Babylon. The Assyrians were the fierce enemies of Israel. Jonah tried to resign his commission and take a cruise on the Mediterranean. But the same Lord, from whom he was trying to flee, was preparing a wind to bring him to obedience. God's prophet was sleeping the sleep of self-complacency, while the heathen sailors were about to perish. They were praying to their gods, while Jonah was not even praying, just sleeping.

When he was awakened, it took a series of humiliating questions to get him to confess. The conscience of those heathen men seemed to be more tender than that of the back-slidden saint. Jonah was finally cast into the sea. There, a great fish was lying in wait. The Lord had prepared the huge creature to swallow the disobedient prophet. For 3 days and 3 nights, Jonah was in the belly of the fish. There he began to pray.

Had he prayed instead of fleeing from God, he would not have had this harrowing experience. Nevertheless, his prayer was real. It had conviction, confession, contrition, and intercession. In spite of his prayers, pledges, and vows, he was not delivered. It was not until Jonah confessed that ''salvation is of the Lord,'' that God caused the fish to cast him upon the dry land. Although Jonah had gone through a traumatic experience and had re-affirmed his faith in God, he still needed to fulfill the Lord's commission to him.

The Lord said again, ''Arise, go unto Nineveh, that great city, and preach unto it the preaching that I bid thee'' 3: Jonah did not hesitate this time. The consequence of his previous experience had made him obedient. He was now a God-called man, with a God-given message, on a God-directed mission.

Lecture 24. Alternative Visions: Esther, Ruth, and Jonah

Jonah delivered a message of repentance. To that city, some 20 miles long and 12 miles wide, Jonah spoke the words [that] the Lord had directed him to give. The Ninevites repented and believed God. We can well imagine what consternation this strange prophet caused as he cried, ''Yet forty days, and Nineveh shall be overthrown'' v. Jonah was learning a lesson that the apostle Paul later phrased in these words: Is He not also of the Gentiles?

Yes, of the Gentiles also'' Romans 3: God turned from His fierce anger, and Nineveh was spared, even though God knew that same city would later become the rod in His hand to chasten Israel. How strange that this man of God was exceedingly displeased and grieved by the Lord's forbearance and patience with Nineveh. Jonah, no doubt, reasoned that the Assyrians would soon persecute his own people. But his displeasure was largely selfish. His own reputation as a prophet was at stake. He would rather witness the destruction of all the Assyrians than see himself dishonored.

But God used a gourd [plant] to teach that poor, foolish servant a wonderful truth. Jonah was disgraced, and was forced to commit his reputation to the keeping of Jehovah. The prophet was more concerned about his own personal comfort than he was about the repentance and salvation of the inhabitants of that great city.

It is remarkable to trace the hand of God behind the scenes of this story. It was God who sent out the wind. He prepared the fish, the gourd, the worm, and the east wind. No less remarkable is the fact that God took note of the little children of Nineveh-- more than , of them-- and even the cattle v. What a contrast between the great loving heart of God and the narrow, selfish love of His reluctant and disobedient servant. The sinning saint is silenced, and God has the last word.

The great messianic picture reflected in Jonah is of the death, burial, and resurrection of the Lord Jesus. We are assured of this as we read these words of our Lord:. An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign, and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet, Jonah; For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish, so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.

DeHaan once said, ''The miracle of Jonah consists in the fact that God raised him from the dead as a perfect type of our crucified, buried, and risen Lord. And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, He expounded unto them, in all the scriptures, the things concerning Himself'' Luke Perhaps no book in the Old Testament has been the target of the attacks of the enemies of revealed truth more than this. Yet its testimony to the Messiah is clear. We know how our LORD made use of Jonah's "three days and three nights" in the deep as typical of His own experience "in the heart of the earth" before resurrection.

No doubt Jonah's three days in the belly of the whale are intended to remind us of the fact that Israel, the runaway prophet-nation, has been swallowed up in the sea of the Gentiles, though miraculously preserved. Israel will yet learn that the Messiah has entered into their sorrows, which they have brought on themselves, for He shared them with them in sympathetic grace. Thus like they, He also was delivered to the Gentiles, beaten, spat upon, scourged and crucified by them, though He sank down into deeper sorrows, when He who knew no sin, was made sin for us.

But He was heard from the horns of the unicorns and brought up out of the depths, where the waterfloods overflowed Him.

And in His resurrection He, who in His cross was a sign spoken against:. For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. The men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: Excerpt from this recommended resource - Apple quotes from many excellent resources - here is an example from Pastor Thomas Leake of Hope Bible Church We need to place ourselves in his shoes and try to understand how he felt.

Would have been an astonishing command to any Jew. How could a little prophet like Jonah stand up against God? Everything in this book obeys God — the wind, the sea, the fish, the heathen sailors… Did Jonah think he was going to be successful in fleeing God? He knew the doctrines of the character of God — His omnipresence, etc. Fleeing his calling; his service obligation; smooth sailing at first; no problems; looked like the coast is clear; maybe feeling relieved; God allows us our own plans; we might think that all will be well; but eventually judgment catches up to us; cf.

A great wind; we give names to storms today; delayed response by God; He did not send this storm immediately; Ps. These experienced sailors were terrified; could not be a worse scenario; If they kept Jonah in the boat they would perish; if they threw him overboard they would be guilty of the blood of an innocent man not convicted of any crime ;. Jonah not suicidal but making a confession that he was worthy of death and of being sacrificed to save the others; these were noble sailors — still tried to row harder to reach land and save Jonah; but the storm kept worsening;.

This resource is listed because it has numerous commentary notes that relate to the OT Prophetic Books. It was the large, important capital of a dominating empire—surely an intimidating place to go. James Rosscup writes "This work supplies much help on matters of the text, word meaning, resolving some problems, etc. Some have found it one of the most contributive sources in getting at what a text means. An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works. Be cautious Acts A first-class exposition of Jonah. No one who has it will need any other.

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It is not a small treatise, as most of the Jonah books are; but it contains pages, all rich with good matter. It is out of print, and ought to be republished. What are publishers at to let such a book slip out of the market? Click the following links to search by topic, author , or bible reference.

When Jonah sunk beneath the wave, He thought to rise no more; But God prepared a fish to save, And bear him to the shore. There is no worse enemy, nor one more troublesome to the soul, than you are to yourself, if you are not in harmony with the Spirit. Commenting on Matthew The future Judge is speaking words of solemn warning to those who shall hereafter stand convicted at his bar. Intensely real he would make the scene in anticipation to them, as it was real, as if then present, to himself.