Starting at age 21, Fassbinder made forty-four films and TV dramas in fifteen years, along with directing fifteen plays for the theatre. These films were largely written or adapted for the screen by Fassbinder. He was also art director on most of the early films, editor or co-editor on many of them often credited as Franz Walsh, though the spelling varies , and he acted in nineteen of his own films as well as for other directors. He wrote and directed four radio plays and wrote song lyrics. In addition, he wrote thirty-three screenplays and collaborated with other screenwriters on thirteen more.
On top of this, he occasionally performed many other roles such as cinematographer and producer on a small number of them. Working with a regular ensemble of actors and technicians, he was able to complete films ahead of schedule and often under budget and thus compete successfully for government subsidies. He worked fast, typically omitting rehearsals and going with the first take. Fassbinder's first ten films — were said to be an extension of his work in the theater, shot usually with a static camera and with deliberately unnaturalistic dialogue.
In through , his films brought him international attention, with films modeled, to ironic effect, on the melodramas Douglas Sirk made in Hollywood in the s. In these films, Fassbinder explored how deep-rooted prejudices about race, sex, sexual orientation , politics and class are inherent in society, while also tackling his trademark subject of the everyday fascism of family life and friendship.
The final films, from around until his death, were more varied, with international actors sometimes used and the stock company disbanded, although the casts of some films were still filled with Fassbinder regulars. He also articulated his themes in the bourgeois milieu with his trilogy about women in post- fascist Germany: But I hope in the end it will be a house. Fassbinder's work as a filmmaker was honored in the exhibition Fassbinder: Working simultaneously in theater and film, Fassbinder created his own style from a fusion of the two artforms.
His ten early films are characterized by a self-conscious and assertive formalism. Although praised by many critics, they proved too demanding and inaccessible for a mass audience. Fassbinder's rapid working methods had begun by this stage. Fassbinder plays the lead role of Franz, a small-time pimp who is torn between his mistress Joanna, a prostitute played by Hanna Schygulla, and his friend Bruno, a gangster sent after Franz by the syndicate that he has refused to join. Joanna informs the police of a bank robbery the two men have planned. Bruno is killed in the shootout, but Franz and Joanna escape.
Love is Colder than Death is a low key film with muted tone, long sequences, non-naturalistic acting and little dialogue. The film, however, already displays the themes that were to remain present through the director's subsequent work: Fassbinder's second film, Katzelmacher , Bavarian pejorative slang term for a foreign worker from the Mediterranean , was received more positively, garnering five prizes after its debut at Mannheim.
It features a group of rootless and bored young couples who spend much of their time in idle chatter, empty boasting, drinking, playing cards, intriguing or simply sitting around. The arrival of Jorgos, a guest worker from Greece, leads to a growing curiosity on the part of the women and the antagonism among the men living in a suburban block of apartments in Munich. Katzelmacher was adapted from Fassbinder's first produced play — a short piece that was expanded from forty minutes to feature length, moving the action from a country village to Munich and delaying the appearance of Jorgos.
The character of Franz from Fassbinder's first film, but now played by Harry Baer is released from prison, but falls back with the wrong crowd. He teams up with his best friend, a black Bavarian criminal who killed his brother, to raid a supermarket. Both men are betrayed by Franz's jilted lover Joanna who tips off the police. Franz is killed and the film ends at his laconic funeral. Similar in plot and characters to both Love is Colder than Death and The American Soldier , Gods of the Plague ' s theme of homoerotic love would reappear repeatedly in the director's films.
It was co-directed by Michael Fengler the friend who had been his cameraman on the short film The little Chaos in Only the outlines of the scenes were sketched by Fassbinder. Fengler and the cast then improvised the dialogue. Fassbinder asserted that this was really Fengler's work rather than his. Nevertheless, the two were jointly given a directorial award for the project in the German Film prize competition and Why Does Herr R. Why Does Herr R. The pressures of middle class life take a toll on him.
A visit by a woman neighbor occasions the incident that gives the film its title. Irritated by the incessant chat between his wife and her friend while he tries to watch T. V, Herr Raab kills the neighbor with a blow to the head with a candle stick and then kills both his wife and their son. Herr Raab is later found hanged in an office restroom. The main theme of the gangster film The American Soldier Der Amerikanische Soldat is that violence is an expression of frustrated love. A sudden frenzied outburst of repressed passion, the revelation of desire and a need for love that has been thwarted and comes too late is central here.
Eventually he ends up killing the girlfriend of one of the policemen with his friend Franz Walsh Fassbinder. The film closes with the music of the song So much tenderness , written by Fassbinder and sung by Gunther Kaufmann. It pays homage to the Hollywood gangster genre, it also alludes to Southern Gothic race narratives. This avant-garde film, commissioned by the WDR television network, was shot in May and it was broadcast in October the same year.
Despite a temporary success, Boehm's followers were eventually massacred and he was burned at the stake. Fassbinder did not clarify the time frame of the action mixing medieval elements including some costumes, settings, speech and music with those from other time periods, like the Russian Revolution, the Rococo period, postwar Germany and the Third World. The Niklashausen Journey , influenced by Jean-Luc Godard 's Weekend and Glauber Rocha 's Antonio das Mortes , consists of only about a dozen or so scenes, most of which are either theatrical tableaux where there is no movement of the characters and the camera darts from speaker to speaker or are shots where characters pace back and forth while giving revolutionary speeches about Marxist struggles and debates on economic theories.
Set in , Whity centers on the title character, a mulatto who works as the obsequious servant in the mansion of a dysfunctional family in the American South. He is the illegitimate son of the family patriarch and the black cook. Whity tries to carry out all their orders, however demeaning, until several of the family members ask him to kill some of the others. He eventually kills them all and runs away to the desert with a prostitute from the local bar.
The film was shot in Almeria , Spain in widescreen on locations built for the Westerns made by Sergio Leone. Its production was particularly traumatic for cast and crew. Whity , a mixture of Euro-western and American South melodrama, was badly received by the critics and became Fassbinder's biggest flop. The film was neither picked up for theatrical release nor was there interest for broadcasting it on television. As a result, Whity was only seen as its premiere. It remained unavailable until the s when it began to be screened and now, like almost all of Fassbinder's films, is available on DVD.
A whimsical comedy, Rio das Mortes follows two young men without prospects who try to raise money in order to realize their dream of finding a buried treasure in Peru using a map of the Rio das Mortes. The girlfriend of one of them finds the notion stupid and wants to put a stop to it, but eventually the two friends find a patroness to finance their adventure. One of the women flirts from soldier to soldier, but her friend falls in love only to be abandoned.
Shot in November , Pioneers in Ingolstaldt was commissioned for television. Fassbinder wanted to bring the plot from the s to contemporary Germany, but the producers, fearing to offend the German army, refused. A compromise did not satisfy any of the parts and midway onto the project Fassbinder lost interest on it. Instead, he founded his own production company: In the following year, , Fassbinder shot only one film: The Merchant of Four Seasons. Beware of a Holy Whore was based, like many of Fassbinder's films, on a personal experience — the shooting of his earlier film, the revisionist western Whity The film shows an egomaniacal director, beset by a stalled production, temperamental actors, and a frustrated crew.
When asked what the movie he is making is about, he replies: Beware of a Holy Whore marked the end of Fassbinder's avant-garde period. It presented such an embittered and radical self-critique that his future films would have to be quite different from the ones made before. After spinning out ten films in not much more than a year this film was shot only a few months after Whity in a frenzied burst of creativity, his anti-film anti-theater drive seemed to conclude.
After Pioneers in Ingolstadt , Fassbinder took an eight-month break from filmmaking. Fassbinder was attracted to these films not only because of their entertainment value, but also for their depiction of various kinds of repression and exploitation. Hans faces rejection from his family after he violently assaults his wife for not bending to his will.
She leaves him, but after he suffers a heart attack they reunite, though he now has to employ other men. His restricted ability to function leads him to ponder his own futility. He literally drinks himself to death.
The Merchant of Four Seasons uses melodrama as a style to create critical studies of contemporary German life for a general audience. It was Fassbinder's first effort to create what he declared he aspired to: Loneliness is a common theme in Fassbinder's work, together with the idea that power becomes a determining factor in all human relationships. His characters yearn for love, but seem condemned to exert an often violent control over those around them. The title character is a fashion designer who lives in a self-created dreamland and the action is restricted mostly to her lavish bedroom.
After the failure of her second marriage, Petra falls hopelessly and obsessively in love with Karin, a cunning working-class young woman who wants a career in modeling. The model's exploitation of Petra mirrors Petra's extraordinary psychological abuse of her silent assistant, Marlene. Fassbinder portrays the slow meltdown of these relationships as inevitable, and his actresses there are no men in the film move in a slow, trance-like way that hints at a vast world of longing beneath the beautiful, brittle surface.
Like in many other of his films, Fassbinder analyses lower middle class life with characters who, unable to articulate their feelings, bury them in inane phrases and violent acts. The story centers on Hanni, a precocious fourteen-year-old schoolgirl who starts a relationship with Franz, a nineteen-year-old worker in a chicken processing plant. Their romance faces the opposition of the girl's conservative parents. Franz is sentenced to nine months in prison for having sex with a minor. When he is released on probation, they continue their relationship and Hanni becomes pregnant.
Afraid of her father's anger, she persuades Franz to kill him. Back in prison, Franz is told by Hanni that their child died at birth and that their love was "only physical". Originally made for German television, Jailbait was based on a play by Franz Xaver Kroetz , who violently disagreed with Fassbinder's adaptation, calling it pornographic.
His only science fiction film , World on a Wire Welt am Draht , , was a departure for Fassbinder. An adaptation of the pulp sci-fi novel Simulacron-3 by Daniel F. A story of realities within realities, World on a Wire follows a researcher, working at the institute of cybernetics and future science, who begins to investigate the mysterious death of his mentor. He falls deep into the cover up behind a computer capable of creating an artificial world with units living as human beings unaware that their world is just a computer projection.
Made in contemporary Paris, the film was stylistically inspired by Jean-Luc Godard 's Alphaville and in its theme of artificial humans wanting to reach real life anticipated Ridley Scott 's Blade Runner This film was shot in fifteen days in September with a very-low budget ranking among Fassbinder's quickest and cheapest. Nevertheless, the impact on Fassbinder's career and in overseas release remains cemented as a great and influential work. It won the International Critics Prize at Cannes and was acclaimed by critics everywhere as one of 's best films.
It details the vicious response of family and community to a lonely aging white cleaning lady who marries a muscular, much younger black Moroccan immigrant worker. The two are drawn to each other out of mutual loneliness. When their relationship becomes known, they experience various forms of hostility and public rejection. Gradually, their relationship is tolerated, not out of real acceptance, but because those around the good-hearted old lady realize their ability to exploit her is threatened.
As the external pressures over the couple begin to subside, internal conflicts surface. Fassbinder's main characters tend to be naifs, either men or women, who are rudely, sometimes murderously disabused of their romantic illusions. Shot on 16 mm film and made for television, Martha is a melodrama about cruelty in a traditional marriage. The plot focuses on the title character, a spinster librarian. Soon after the death of her father while on vacation in Rome , Martha meets a wealthy civil engineer who sweeps her off her feet.
They encounter again at a wedding in her hometown of Constance and marry. However their married life becomes an exercise for her husband to express his sadism and for Martha to endure her masochism. Her husband shows his desire for her violently leaving marks on her body. He obsessively controls her life, her diet, her taste in music and her interest until she is confined to their house. Martha's initially positive wish to be liked by her oppressive and abusive husband push her to such an extreme that she becomes deranged leading to her own permanent physical paralysis.
Effi Briest was Fassbinder's dream film and the one in which he invested the most work. While he normally took between nine and 20 days to make a film, this time it required 58 shooting days, dragged out over two years. Set in the closed, repressive Prussian society of the Bismarck era, the film paints a portrait of a woman's fate completely linked to an unbending and utterly unforgiving code of social behavior. The plot follows the story of Effi Briest, a young woman who seeks to escape her stifling marriage to a much older man by entering into a brief affair with a charming soldier.
Six years later, Effi's husband discovers her affair with tragic consequences. The film served as a showpiece for Fassbinder's muse and favorite actress Hanna Schygulla , whose detached acting style fitted the roles the director created for her. Fassbinder made her a star, but artistic differences while making Effi Briest created a split that lasted for some years, until Fassbinder called her back to take the role of Maria Braun.
Rainer Werner Fassbinder - Wikipedia
Like a Bird on a Wire Wie ein Vogel auf dem Draht is a forty-minute television production featuring Brigitte Mira , the main actress in Fear eats the Soul , singing cabaret songs and love ballads from the s and s. Between songs, she drinks and talks about her husbands. The title is borrowed from Leonard Cohen 's song " Bird on the Wire ", with which the program ends. Fassbinder considered this project "an attempt to do a show about the Adenauer era. For us it certainly wasn't entirely successful. But the film does reveal the utter repulsiveness and sentimentality of the time" he explained.
Many of Fassbinder's films deal with homosexuality, in keeping with his interest in characters who are social outsiders, but he drew away from most representations of homosexuals in films. In films, plays or novels, if homosexuals appear, the homosexuality was the problem, or it was a comic turn.
But here homosexuality is shown as completely normal, and the problem is something quite different, it's a love story, where one person exploits the love of the other person, and that's the story I always tell". In Fox and His Friends Faustrecht der Freiheit , a sweet but unsophisticated working-class homosexual wins the lottery and falls in love with the elegant son of an industrialist.
His lover tries to mold him into a gilt-edged mirror of upper-class values, all the while appropriating Fox' lottery winnings for his own ends. He ultimately destroys his illusions, leaving him heartbroken and destitute. Fassbinder worked within the limits of Hollywood melodrama, though the film is partially based on the plight of his then lover Armin Meier to whom the film is dedicated. The film is notable for Fassbinder's performance as the unlucky Fox, in a self-directed starring role.
Fox and His Friends has been deemed homophobic by some and overly pessimistic by others. The film's pessimism is far outweighed by Fassbinder's indictment of Fox as an active participant in his own victimization, a familiar critique found in many of the director's films. She becomes addicted to valium and alcohol overwhelmed by an irrational anxiety and fear of her inexorable descent into madness.
Fear of Fear is similar in theme to Martha , which also portrays the effect of a dysfunctional marriage in an oppressed housewife, the central role was again played by Margit Carstensen. His life is recounted in a series of flashbacks. A hard working man, Peter spends his spare time building a house for his cold unloving parents. He marries and finds a job in another city, but in his desperate yearning for affection he tries to buy the love of those around him with expensive gifts which soon makes him fall into a spiral of debt. When he sees his own unrequited love for his parents reflected during an argument in a bar, he kills a man who serves as a proxy for his father.
The film was made for television and shot during a pause while making Satan's Brew. Based on a true account taken from For Life , a book of interviews edited by Klaus Antes and Christiane Erhardt, it was Fassbinder's personal reflections on childhood and adolescence. In a time of professional crisis, Fassbinder made Satan's Brew Satansbraten , a bleak amoral comedy that pays homage to Antonin Artaud 's theatre of cruelty.
Stylistically far from the melodramas that made him known internationally, Satan's Brew gave way to a new phase in his career. In Satan's Brew , a neurotic poet suffering from writer's block struggles to make ends meet while dealing with a frustrated long suffering wife, a half witted brother and various prostitutes and masochist women who drift in and out of his life. He convinces himself to be the reincarnation of the gay romantic poet Stefan George — after he plagiarizes his poem The Albatros. Enthusiasm for Fassbinder's films grew quickly after Fear Eats the Soul. Vincent Canby paid tribute to Fassbinder as "the most original talent since Godard".
However, as enthusiasm for Fassbinder grew outside of Germany, his films still failed to impress the native audience. At home, he was better known for his television work and for his open homosexuality. Coupled with the controversial issues of his films — terrorism, state violence , racism , sexual politics — it seemed that everything Fassbinder did provoked or offended someone.
After completing in his last low-budget and very personal ventures In a Year of 13 Moons and The Third Generation he would concentrate on making films that were becoming increasingly garish and stylized. Chinese Roulette Chinesisches Roulette is a gothic thriller with an ensemble cast. The film follows a twelve-year-old crippled girl, Angela, who, due to her parents' lack of affection, arranges an encounter between them with their respective lovers at the family country estate.
The film climaxes with a truth guessing game. The players divide into two teams, which take it in turn to pick out one member of the other side and ask them question about people and objects. The game is played at the suggestion of Angela, who plays against her mother. When the mother asks: There are no happy endings in Fassbinder's films. His protagonists, usually weak men or women with masochistic tendencies, pay a heavy price for their victimization. The plot follows the downfall of Xaver Bolwieser, a railway stationmaster submitted to the will of his domineering and unfaithful wife, whose repeated infidelities completely ruin Bolwieser's life.
Broadcast initially as a two-part television series, The Stationmaster's Wife was shortened to a minute feature film and released in the first anniversary of Fassbinder's death. The film stars Kurt Raab , Fassbinder's close friend who the director usually cast as a pathetic man. Raab was also set designer of Fassbinder's films until their friendship and professional relationship broke up after making this film. They took a look at the wave of guilt and paranoia that afflicted West Germany 's society and its authorities in the months between the kidnapping and murder of industrialist Hanns Martin Schleyer by Red Army Faction members and the deaths of Andreas Baader , Gudrun Ensslin and Jan-Carl Raspe in Stammheim Prison.
The film is a document about terrorism and its sociopolitical aftermath. Fassbinder made three films in English , a language in which he was not proficient: Despair , Lili Marleen and Querelle Warum siehst du mich nicht an? Hast du Angst vor mir, Jochanaan, dass du mich nicht ansehen willst? Und deine Zunge, sie spricht kein Wort, Jochanaan, diese Scharlachnatter, die ihren Geifer gegen mich spie. Es ist seltsam, nicht? Ich kann mit ihm tun, was ich will. Er war ein Garten voller Tauben in der Silberlilien Glanz. Nichts in der Welt war so weiss wie dein Leib.
Nichts in der Welt was so schwarz wie dein Haar. In der ganzen Welt war nichts so rot wie dein Mund. Warum hast du mich nicht angesehen, Jochanaan?
About the Work
Du hast deinen Gott gesehn, Jochanaan, aber mich, mich, mich hast du nie gesehn. Was soll ich jetzt tun, Jochanaan? Warum sahst du mich nicht an? Hat es nach Blut geschmeckt? Doch es schmeckte vielleicht nach Liebe Sie sagen, dass die Liebe bitter schmecke You would not let me kiss your mouth, Jochanaan!
Well, I will kiss it now, I will bite it with my teeth as one bites a ripe fruit.
Rainer Werner Fassbinder
Yes, I will kiss your mouth, Jochanaan. Did I not say it? Yes, I said it. I will kiss it now But why don't you look at me, Jochanaan? Your eyes that were so terrible, so full of rage and scorn, are shut now. Why are they shut? Open your eyes, lift up your eyelids, Jochanaan! Why don't you look at me? Are you afraid of me, Jochanaan, that you will not look at me? And your tongue, it says nothing now, Jochanaan, that scarlet viper that spat its venom upon me.
It is strange, is it not? How is it that the red viper stirs no more? You spoke evil words against me, against me, Salome, daughter of Herodias, Princess of Judea!
- LORD - All The Bible Teaches About.
- Packende Thriller im ►kostenlosen Online-Stream anschauen | WATCHBOX.
- Author Updates.
- Club of Service Pro!
- The Rest of God.
- The Dieters Pharmacy.
- Navigation menu.
Well, Jochanaan, I am still alive, but you are dead, and your head, your head belongs to me. I can do with it what I will. I can throw it to the dogs and to the birds of the air. That which the dogs leave, the birds of the air shall devour Jochanaan, Jochanaan, you were beautiful. Your body was a column of ivory set on a silver socket.
It was a garden full of doves in the splendor of silver lilies. There was nothing in the world so white as your body. There was nothing in the world so black as your hair. In the whole world there was nothing so red as your mouth. Your voice was a censer, and when I looked you, I heard mysterious music Why did you not look at me, Jochanaan? You put over your eyes the blindfold of one who wanted to see his God. You have seen your God, Jochanaan, but me, me, me, you have never seen. Had you seen me, you would have loved me. I crave your beauty, I am hungry for your body, Neither wine nor apples can appease my desire What shall I do now, Jochanaan?
Neither the floods nor the great waters can quench my passion. Why did you not look at me? Had you looked at me, you would have loved me. I know that you would have loved me. And the mystery of love is greater than the mystery of death I have kissed your mouth, Jochanaan.